For parents and guardians

While the prospect of entering the workforce can be an exciting time for your child, it can very quickly become an overwhelming experience for them.

Workplace incidents can have a significant impact on your child’s life and everyone in your family.

As a trusted source of advice and information, you can play an important role in supporting and guiding your child to understand what health and safety responsibilities they may have in their workplace, as well as their rights and entitlements.

Below is a range of information and resources to help you.

Talk about work health and safety

BEFORE they start work

Start the conversation about workplace health and safety before they start work, so they’re better prepared from day one.

Examples of what you could talk about:

  1. Your own experience, or different hazards they might come across.
  2. Get them to look for information on workplace safety.
  3. Get them to ask questions about health and safety policies and procedures, and what health and safety training they will get
  4. The experience of someone you know who was injured at work, and the  life-changing consequences it had.

WHEN they start work

It’s an employer’s responsibility to keep all workers safe and healthy at work, regardless what type of work they do or whether they're full time, part time, work experience, labour hire, job trial, or work placement.

Here are questions you may want to ask your child:

  • What type of work tasks do you do?
  • How safe do you feel completing these tasks?
  • What kind of training did you receive? Did you understand how to complete the task safely?
  • if you have a problem at work, do you know who to  talk to?
  • Do you feel comfortable saying no to unsafe work?
  • On your first day, did you receive an induction – an introduction to the workplace, job and working environment?
  • Do you know how to operate equipment safely?
  • What personal protective equipment are you using? What condition is it in?
  • Do you know who your direct supervisor is and how to contact them?
  • Do you know what to do if you're injured on the job?

Who's responsible?

Select one of the tabs below for a quick guide:

Even if your workers are temporary visa holders, permanent residents, or Australian citizens, they are covered by work health and safety laws.

They must:

  • take reasonable care of their own health and safety
  • take reasonable care of the health and safety of others
  • comply with any reasonable instructions, policies and procedure given by their employer or controller of the workplace.

More information

Some practical ways of carrying out your duty of care responsibilities include ensuring:

  • the work environment, systems of work, machinery and equipment are safe and properly maintained
  • information, training, instruction and supervision are provided
  • adequate workplace facilities are available for workersany accommodation you provide to your workers is safe
  • workers’ health and workplace conditions are monitored
  • chemicals are handled and stored safely.

More information

Your duties include:

  • making decisions about health and safety that may affect work activities or other people
  • ensuring legal requirements regarding health and safety are met
  • actioning safety reports and carrying out workplace inspections
  • ensuring safe work method statements are completed
  • ensuring safe work practices
  • conducting inductions and regular safety briefings
  • participating in incident investigations
  • leading by example and promoting health and safety at every opportunity.

More information

Image of a hand holding a mobile phone on a construction site
Speak Up
Encourage your child to speak to their boss about their safety concern. If they can’t you can report unsafe work via Speak Up. It’s quick, easy to use and confidential. Speak Up and let us know about unsafe work, anywhere, anytime.
Find out more

We’ve created six interactive diagrams that will show you some everyday safety hazards and how to avoid them in the workplace. Can you find them all?

Real stories

You can also watch these real-life stories of young workers:

In September 2006, 19-year-old Brodie Panlock ended her life after enduring ongoing humiliating and intimidating bullying by her co-workers at a café in Hawthorn.

Joany was just a child when she lost her left leg below the knee, following a tractor accident on her family's farm.

Hear about the effect her injury had on her life, and on the lives of those around her, inspiring her drive to overcome adversity and achieve excellence as a Paralympian.

At 18, Tiffany Ward was severely injured at work when both her arms were caught in a potato processing auger.

Hear about her  battle to live with the physical and emotional consequences of her injury.

Tim was a second-year electrical apprentice when he was involved in a fatal incident.

His story highlights the importance of adequate supervision and guidance for young workers.

What to do if your child has been injured at work

If your child gets a work-related injury or illness, you should:

  • have them tell their employer immediately – they need to give the date and time of injury, or the period over which the injury emerged, how the injury happened, and what type of injury.
  • get medical treatment, if required
  • ask their employer for their workers compensation insurer details – if the employer doesn’t notify the insurer within 48 hours, your child or you can notify the insurer
  • focus on what they can do, and talk to their doctor and employer about what they can do safely – their employer should help them stay active and will be an important part of their recovery; the longer they're away from work, the harder it can be to get back
  • encourage them to stay in touch with their employer and the insurer
  • if they don't know who their employer is, they can still claim workers compensation benefits – call WIRO on 13 94 76 to find out more.

Who is WIRO?

You can find out more about your insurer from the Workers Compensation Independent Review Office (WIRO)

WIRO is an independent statutory office that:

  • finds solutions for injured workers who have complaints about insurers
  • give legal advice and assistance to injured workers
  • answer enquiries made by injured workers about the insurer’s obligations and the claims process.

WIRO reduces red tape and helps find quick and fair solutions for injured workers who have issues or complaints about the insurer.  Call WIRO on 13 94 76, email or visit

Who is SIRA?

SIRA is the State Insurance Regulatory Authority. It's responsible for regulating workers compensation insurance in NSW and can help you respond to enquiries and deal with workers compensation insurance-related complaints about your child’s employer or medical provider.

They can tell you about the different types of compensation available if you have a work-related injury, whether you are eligible and how to make a claim.

Call SIRA on 13 10 50, email or visit

Tips to help your child stay healthy and safe at work

  1. Check in, see how things are going.
  2. Make sure they received an induction – an introduction to the workplace, job and working environment.
  3. Make sure they receive work health and safety training.
  4. Make sure they know what to do if they’re injured.
  5. Encourage them to speak up.
  6. Reinforce that they have the right to refuse unsafe work.
  7. Tell them to trust their gut feelings – If they're asked to do anything that feels unsafe, or they are unsure of the safe way to perform tasks, suggest that they check with their supervisor before going ahead.
  8. Tell them to let their employer know about any existing health conditions that might place their health and safety at greater risk – eg hearing impairment or asthma
  9. Model good health and safety practices at home – eg use protective equipment when mowing the lawn and using power tools.

Useful posters and guides:

Getting supoprt

You can print out this guide and keep it handy.  It includes a range of information if you or your child is faced with a difficult situation at work.

This guide is also available in: Arabic, Chinese (simplified),Filipino, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Korean, Malay and Vietnamese.

Find out more
Image of a hand holding a mobile phone on a construction site
The basics - your rights at work

It doesn't matter what type of worker you are, you are covered by work health and safety laws that apply to everyone in Australia. This guide explains your rights.

Find out more
Young workers infographic poster

Print out this poster to show your child the statistics on young workers and why it's everyone's job to help keep them safe.

Find out more
Young workers and mental health

Read about the statistics on young workers and mental health, so that you can help your child stay healthy and safe.

Find out more
Young workers fact sheet

There are a number of risk factors that impact a young workers's ability to stay safe.

Find out more
Easy to do work health and safety

The 'easy to do work health and safety toolkit' makes it easier for small businesses to understand their work health and safety obligations.

Find out more

Useful web pages

Find out more about workplace rights to help you guide your child.


In alphabetical order

Anti-Discrimination Board

P: 1800 670 812


Australian Taxation Office

P: 13 28 65 (individuals)

P: 13 72 26 (businesses)

Fair Work Commission

P: 1300 799 675 (out of hours emergency 0419 318 011)


Fair Work Ombudsman

P: 13 13 94

Human Rights Commission

P: 1300 656 419



P: 13 77 22



P: 9385 9588


SafeWork NSW

P: 13 10 50



P: 13 10 50


NSW Police

P: 131 444 (general enquiries)

National Relay Service (24 hour service)

TTY/voice calls: 133 677

Speak & Listen: 555 727

SMS relay: 0423 677 767

NSW Ombudsman

P: 1800 451 524


Office of eSafety Commissioner

P: 1800 880 176

Revenue NSW

P: 9689 6200

Translation Information Service

P: 131 450 (24 hour service)

National Relay Service (24 hour service)

TTY/voice calls: 133 677

Speak & Listen: 555 727

SMS relay: 0423 677 767

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